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Since the fall of the Iron Curtain, Prague has become one of Europe's and the world's most popular tourist destinations. It is the sixth-most visited European city after London, Paris, Rome, Madrid and Berlin.
Prague suffered considerably less damage during World War II than other major cities in the region, allowing most of its historic architecture to stay true to form. It boasts one of the world's most pristine and varied collections of Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, neoclassicism, Art Nouveau, cubism, and ultra-modern architecture. Unique in the world is cubism, elsewhere limited to paintings but here materialized in architecture as well. Pragues cubists even set up a housing establishment inspired by this style. Arts under communism were limited to socialist realism, with its unsightly high-rise apartment buildings built of prefabricated panels.
Major events in the history of its peoples' quest
for faith are evident in the city's culture; thus, the nickname "City
of a Hundred Spires" and "Golden City," for its cornucopia
of churches. Only a brief excursion into the succession of its rulers
and the famous, with their respective imprints on architecture, arts,
and learning can one fully appreciate and understand Prague.